West Maui Preservation Association Web Site


WMPA is a non-profit organization incorporated in the State of Hawaii
dedicated to preserving, protecting and restoring the natural and
cultural environment of West Maui including Land Conservation
and educational activities related thereto.


Mailing Address :
P. O. Box 11150,
Lahaina, Maui, HI  96761


The West Maui Preservation Association has been studying water quality problems associated with the Lahaina Wastewater Treatment Facility since its incorporation. It has conducted water quality sampling including pathogen sampling. It has sought remediation at the federal, state and county levels. Below are informational links related to the issue of West Maui's injection wells.


NRDC: Testing the Waters 2011

Herbivore enhancement as a tool for reef restoration (Jennifer Smith)

An Ecosystem Recovery Area in Maui Coastal Waters (Celia Smith, PhD)

Characterize Public Health Issues From Exposure To Pathogens (Robert Toonen, PhD)

An Ecosystem Recovery Area in Maui coastal waters: Kahekili (Celia Smith and Ivor Williams)

USGS Pacific Coral Reefs Studies (Maui)

Other Scholarly Papers Available Online

Using d15N values in algal tissue to map locations and potential sources of anthropogenic nutrient inputs on the island of Maui, Hawai'i, USA. (Dailer M.L. et al)

A multitracer approach to detecting wastewater plumes from municipal injection wells in nearshore marine waters at Kihei and Lahaina, Maui, Hawai'i (Hunt, C. et al, USGS)


County will not appeal injection wells ruling
Decision signals end for decadelong lawsuit that went as high as Supreme Court
The Maui News, Nov 20, 2021

Judge denies county’s request to reconsider injection wells decision
Ruling requires county to seek a Clean Water Act permit for wells
The Maui News, October 22, 2021

Maui County Loses Again In Federal Court Over Pollution Discharges
For years, the county has violated the Clean Water Act by discharging treated wastewater into the Pacific Ocean through injection wells at a Lahaina sewer plant.
Honolulu Civil Beat, July 16, 2021

Judge sides with plaintiffs again in West Maui injection wells case
Decision may bring drawn-out case to a close if county does not appeal
The Maui News, July 16, 2021

In Maui sewage case, U.S. Supreme Court sees broad reach of Clean Water Act
Honolulu Star Advertiser/AP, April 26, 2020

Supreme Court decides against county
Ruling: Injection wells fall under Clean Water Act
The Maui News, April 24, 2020

Supreme Court rebuffs Maui County in water pollution case (subscription required)
Honolulu Star Advertiser, April 24, 2020

Supreme Court rejects Trump administration’s view on key aspect of Clean Water Act
Washington Post, April 23, 2020

Supreme Court rejects EPA’s narrow view of Clean Water Act
PBS News Hour, April 23, 2020

Supreme Court Gives Environmentalists Partial Water Law Win
Bloomberg Law, April 23, 2020

Maui County loses Supreme Court case over sewage plant injection wells
Court rules that indirect flows to ocean require Clean Water Act permit
The Maui News, April 23, 2020

Justices unveil new test on Clean Water Act's scope
E & E News, April 23, 2020

Maui County Spends $ Millions -- Lost Water Pollution Fight
Ililani Media, April 23, 2020

US Supreme Court Rules Against Maui In Major Clean Water Case
The decision averted what many environmentalists feared was a gutting of the Clean Water Act.
Honolulu Civil Beat, April 23, 2020

Supreme Court says Clean Water Act applies to some groundwater pollution
CNN, April 23, 2020

Supreme Court sides largely with environmentalists in Maui wastewater case
Hawaii News Now, April 23, 2020

U.S. Supreme Court rejects Trump bid to limit water pollution law
Reuters, April 23, 2020

Supreme Court hands environmentalists a win in water pollution case
The Hill, April 23, 2020

Supreme Court gives environmentalists narrow win in water pollution case
USA Today, April 23, 2020

Supreme Court rejects Trump-backed clean water ‘loophole’ in major environment case
CNBC, April 23, 2020

Supreme Court rejects EPA's narrow view of Clean Water Act
Yahoo News, April 23, 2020

Kavanaugh sides with progressives in a Supreme Court environmental case
Quartz, April 23, 2020

Maui case gets day in high court
Supreme Court hears arguments in Lahaina injection wells case
The Maui News, November 7, 2019

Supreme Court seems uncertain about reach of Clean Water Act
The Maui News, November 7, 2019

Supreme Court hears debate in Maui injection well case
Star Advertiser, November 7, 2019

The Trump Administration Tried Out a Weird Metaphor About Spiking the Punch to Limit the Clean Water Act
Vice, November 7, 2019

Supreme Court Justices Conflicted Over Limits on Clean Water Act
Bloomberg Law, November 6, 2019

Supreme Court Searches for Limits on Clean Water Act Program (2)
Bloomberg Law, November 6, 2019

US Supreme Court hears Maui pollution case as Mayor, Council fight continues
Civil Beat, November 6, 2019

Supreme Court grapples with how to control water pollution
Civil Beat, November 6, 2019

County of Maui, Hawaii v. Hawaii Wildlife Fund (No. 18-260)
Cornell Law School, November 6, 2019

Maui sewage case makes a supreme court splash
Courthouse News Service, November 6, 2019

Maui sewage case makes a supreme court splash
E&E News, November 6, 2019

Justices wrestle with reach of Clean Water Act
The Hill, November 6, 2019

Supreme Court hears Maui wastewater plant case
KITV Island News - ABC Channel 4, November 6, 2019

Supreme Court leans toward expanding Clean Water Act to protect oceans from wastewater
Los Angeles Times, November 6, 2019

How a Legacy Scalia Clean-Water Ruling Played into Hawaii Case at SCOTUS
Law.com, November 6, 2019

Justices Grappling With Groundwater Liability In Sewage Case
Law360, November 6, 2019

U.S. Supreme Court hears oral arguments for injection wells case
The Maui News, November 6, 2019

Mayor’s Statement on Lahaina Injection Well US Supreme Court Oral Arguments
Maui Now, November 6, 2019

Supreme Court Weighs Limits on Water Pollution Law
Supreme Court hears arguments in Lahaina injection wells case
The New York Times, November 6, 2019

Supreme Court Justices Searching For A Compromise In Major Environmental Case
NPR - Law, November 6, 2019

U.S. Supreme Court justices seek compromise in Hawaii water pollution case
Reuters, November 6, 2019

County of Maui v. Hawaii Wildlife Fund
Supreme Court of the United States - Oral Argument Audio, November 6, 2019

Justices Appear to Seek Middle Ground in Clean Water Act Case
The Wall Street Journal - subscription to WSJ required, November 6, 2019

Argument preview: Justices to consider reach of Clean Water Act’s permitting requirement
County of Maui, Hawaii v. Hawaii Wildlife Fund - SCOTUSblog Coverage with Date Cronology of Proceedings and Orders
SCOTUSblog, October 30, 2019

Lawsuit filed over Lahaina injection wells case before Supreme Court
The Maui News, October 30, 2019

Maui’s Water Fight Has Become A Major Power Struggle
Civil Beat, October 24, 2019

Council to consider hiring special counsel over charter debate
The Maui News, October 17, 2019

Maui County Could Be Headed To Supreme Court In Water Case Despite Council Settlement Vote
Hawai'i Public Radio, October 9, 2019

Lawyers disagree over authority in injection well case
Debate has arisen over who can make ultimate decision over lawsuit
The Maui News, September 28, 2019

Possible appeal to U.S. Supreme Court for Maui injection well case in murky waters
Star Advertiser, September 26, 2019

Maui Council Settles Lawsuit Over Clean Water Act
Civil Beat, September 23, 2019

Council votes to settle the injection wells case
Mayor says he will review his options
The Maui News, September 21, 2019

Council Committee Votes to Settle Lahaina Wastewater Reclamation Facility Lawsuit
MauiTime, September 11, 2019

Two Sides Still At Odds Over Maui Water Case Bound For Supreme Court
Hawai'i Public Radio, September 4, 2019

Maui is urged to withdraw its high-court wastewater appeal
Star Advertiser, September 4, 2019

Councilors hear injection well testimony into the night
Committee unable to get to decision-making
The Maui News, September 4, 2019

County of Maui V. Hawaii Wildlife Fund: The lawsuit against Maui County being watched around the country
MauiTime, August 30, 2019

Mayor proposes revised settlement in wastewater case
Plaintiffs’ attorney skeptical over move by administration
The Maui News, August 30, 2019

Maui County Running Out Of Time To Settle Clean Water Act Case
Next week the council will weigh whether it should stop a legal appeal from reaching the U.S. Supreme Court.
Honolulu Civil Beat , August 30, 2019

Groups petition county to withdraw injection well case from Supreme Court
Committee set to consider resolution to settle the case
The Maui News, August 29, 2019

Maui Is Taking This Clean Water Legal Fight All The Way — Some Say Too Far
The Maui wastewater case has far-reaching ramifications for the nation's rivers, lakes and oceans. And it's headed to a conservative Supreme Court.
Honolulu Civil Beat , August 6, 2019

Protect Lahaina’s Coast: Tell Maui County to Stop Pumping Treated Sewage Into the Pacific
Lahaina News, July 9, 2019

Column: Maui should stop its legal challenge against Clean Water Act
Honolulu Star-Advertiser, May 30, 2019

Injection well case settlement deferred after council panel deadlocks on vote
Members split over whether to settle before case reaches US Supreme Court
The Maui News, May 24, 2019

High Court Could Alter Point-Source Discharge Definition in Taking Clean-Water Case
Engineering News-Record, February 23, 2019

Maui Wastewater Lawsuit Headed to Supreme Court
Hawaii Public Radio, February 21, 2019

U.S Supreme Court to hear injection well ruling appeal
Maui County’s battle with the Clean Water Act and subsequent appeals has dragged on for nearly a decade
The Maui News, February 20, 2019

Federal Appeals Court Reaffirms Maui Clean Water Act Decision
MauiNow.com, April 2, 2018

9th Circuit rejects county's request to reconsider ruling
Action reaffirms earlier finding of violations to the Clean Water Act
The Maui News, March 31, 2018

Protect reefs from sewage discharges
Honolulu Star-Advertiser, Editorial, February 8, 2018

Maui County violating Clean Water Act, appellate court decides
Honolulu Star-Advertiser, February 5, 2018

Appeals Court Rules on Case Involving Lahaina Injection Wells
MauiNow.com, February 1, 2018

Locations sought for wastewater storage tank
County meets strong resistance to plan for Kaanapali site
The Maui News, September 27, 2016

West Maui wastewater settlement reached
County faces $2.6M penalty if it loses injection well appeal
The Maui News, September 25, 2015

Settlement Reached Lawsuit over Maui Clean Water Act Violations
MauiNow.com, September 24, 2015

Council approves increase of legal budget in defense of 'illegal' wells
Members also approve option to settle the case
The Maui News, July 8, 2015

Maui County cited again for misuse of injection well
Honolulu Star-Advertiser, January 28, 2015

Judge finds Maui County breaking law with Lahaina wastewater
KITV News, January 27, 2015

Injection wells ruling opens county up to civil penalties
The Maui News, January 27, 2015

Federal Court Again Finds Maui County Violating Clean Water Act
MauiNow.com, January 27, 2015

Judge: Maui illegally discharged sewage
Hawaii News Now, January 26, 2015

Maui wells violate federal law, court rules
Honolulu Star-Advertiser, June 3, 2014

Court says injection wells in West Maui are illegal
The Maui News, June 3, 2014

Federal Court Rules County Of Maui Violating Clean Water Act At Lahaina Wastewater Facility
Maui Feed, June 2, 2014

Maui County faces fines for dumping wastewater, damaging coral reef
Hawaii News Now, June 2, 2014

Federal Ruling: Maui County Is Violating Clean Water Act
Maui Now, June 2, 2014

Ocean Pollution Traced to County
Honolulu Star-Advertiser, August 11, 2013

Swiming in Sewage
Maui Time Weekly, August 8, 2013

Study Links Injection Wells, Nearshore Flows
Maui News, July 25, 2013

Judge: Sewage lawsuit against County of Maui may proceed
Lahaina News, August 16, 2012

Community groups sue county over sewage discharges
Lahaina News, May 3, 2012

Four community groups sue Maui County over Sewage Discharge
Maui Weekly, May 3, 2012

Maui County Sued to Stop Sewage Discharges to Popular Beach
Environmental News Service, April 23, 2012

Sewage Plant Accused of Seepage Near Maui Beach
CNS Environmental Law Review, April 20, 2012

Community Groups Sue Maui County to Stop Illegal Sewage Discharges
ENews Park Forest, April 17, 2012

Group suing county, allege Lahaina plant damaging reef
Maui News, April 17, 2012

Quit issuing wastewater, lawsuit tells Maui County
Honolulu Star-Advertiser, April 17, 2012

Environmental groups sue over Lahaina treatment plant
Honolulu Star-Advertiser, April 16, 2012

4 groups sue Maui in federal court over environmental claims at wastewater treatment plant
The Republic, April 16, 2012

Federal Suit Filed Against Maui for Lahaina Discharge
Maui Now, April 16, 2012

Groups To Sue County for Violating Clean Water Act
Lahaina News, 21 July 2011

Injection well lawsuit in the works
Maui News, June 30, 2011

Policy panel moves toward EPA settlement
Maui News, June 30, 2011

Earthjustice files notice of intent to sue county over West Maui injection wells
Maui News, June 29, 2011

Deflecting EPA sanctions could cost millions
Maui News, June 17, 2011

Cutting use of injection wells will cost $29M
Maui News, January 30, 2011

Efforts to curb use of injection wells continue
Maui News, November 8, 2010

Injection Well Work Draws Attention
Maui News, July 31, 2010

EPA orders county water test
Maui Weekly, June 10, 2010

Maui balks at order for water tests
Star Advertiser, June 7, 2010

EPA orders county to test isle waters
Maui News, June 6, 2010

Wastewater Injection Wells May Be Polluting Our Ocean
Maui Time Weekly, May 20, 2010

Councilors seek to place restrictions on injection wells
Maui News, April 29, 2010

Injection wells permit exemption upheld
Maui News, April 29, 2010

Group: DIRE need for injection wells action
Maui News, Feb 10, 2010

Water recycling goal faces hurdles
Maui News, January 10, 2010

Get Rid of Injection Wells
Lahaina News, August 27, 2009

EPA takes testimony on West Maui injection wells
Lahaina News, August 27, 2009

EPA to hold public hearing on injection well permit for Honokowai plant
Lahaina News, August 20, 2009

Mayor Tavares wants to grow algae for biofuel. Bad idea
Maui Time Weekly, August 27, 2009

Tavares on 18 injection wells: Get rid of all of them
Maui News, August 23, 2009

EPA hearing to consider Lahaina injection wells
Maui News, Nov 2, 2008

Change the Channel!
Maui Time, November 15, 2007

Seaweed, injectionwells suspects in reef decline
Maui News, July 31, 2007

Invasive algae blooms, hurts isle reefs
Maui News, May 27, 2007

Partner Websites

Hawaii Wildlife Fund

Maui Chapter -- Surfrider Foundation

Maui Chapter -- Sierra Club

Earthjustice -- Mid-Pacific Office

Don't Inject -- Redirect!

Government Websites

Department of Environmental Management, County of Maui

Hawaii Coral Reef Initiative, University of Hawai'i

Kahekili Reef Recovery Area, Department of Land and Natural Resources

Department of Health, State of Hawaii

DOH Administrative Rules

Environmental Protection Agency (Region IX), U.S. Government

EPA in Hawai'i

EPA --- UIC Permit Docs for Lahaina Wastewater Reclamation Facility

Pacific Services Center, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration






WMPA in the News
West Maui Injection Wells
Contact WMPA


© copyright 2004    West Maui Preservation Association, Inc.    A non-profit corporation.